Optician

Optician

You are:
  • Professional
  • Driven & ambitious
  • Patient & caring
  • A natural salesperson
  • Entrepreneurial

What is an optician?

Opticians are vision care practitioners who prepare and sell glasses, contacts, and other vision aids by using the prescriptions of Optometrists or Ophthalmologists. Opticians don’t diagnose vision issues, and they don’t handle the manufacturing of glasses and frames. They are the coolest mix of science and fashion – helping clients live their best lives with the perfect vision aids and accessories.

How is the course broken down? What will I learn?

Our Optician Program will provide hands-on practical experience and training in:
  • Dispensing: lab safety, operation and use of equipment used for the fabrication of spectacles.
  • Clinical Practice: simulated and real life hands-on practice.
  • Contact Lens: principles of contact lens assessment, design, fabrication and fitting.
  • Ocular Science: anatomy and physiology of the eye, structures of the eye and associated pathologies, as well as the physiological processes related to vision.
  • Communications and Professionalism: communication techniques and professional interaction between various eye care practitioners, support staff and clients
  • Business and Sales: overview of principles for operating a retail vision care business and selling products to clients

That sounds complex…will I get to practice before jumping in?

As with every course at Oulton, you’ll be trained as well as being educated. You will have plenty of opportunities to practice the skills you learn in class, both on site and in practicums and clinical. We build your skill and your confidence in our amazing on-site clinic and then set you up with two practicums plus one clinical where you will practice and work within a team while also getting to know future employers. In your first year, you’ll have a full course load plus an 8-week practicum and a three week clinical. In your second year, you’ll finish off with a 4-week practicum and the opportunity to write the National Exam to become either a licensed optician or dual-licensed in contacts and dispensing. Term (Year 1): September – Aug Term (Year 2): September – May Practicum: 8 weeks (first year), 4 weeks (second year) Clinical: 3 weeks (first year)

Career Choices:

Most Medical Laboratory Technologists work in hospitals and private clinics/labs. Other types of employment:
  • Community Health Centres
  • Canadian Blood Services
  • Industrial laboratory/quality assurance
  • Pharmaceutical and biological sector
  • Research Laboratories
  • Laboratory equipment sales representative/technical support
  • Educational institutions

You Will Learn:

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Histotechnology
  • Quality Management
  • Analytical Principles
  • Safety & Infection Control
  • Specimen & Information Management

Admissions Requirements:

  • Grade 12 Diploma, Adult Diploma or GED
  • Grade 11 or 12 English* with minimum 65%
  • Grade 11 or 12 Sciences* (2) with a minimum 65%:
  • Biology*
  • Chemistry*
  • Physics*
  • Grade 11 or 12 Academic Math Level* with a minimum 65%
  • Acceptance by the Admissions Committee
  • Completion of the Pre-Enrollment Package
  • Other credits from university considered assets
  • Geographical quotas may be considered
* Level II or University Preparatory courses are required based on New Brunswick Anglophone High School Curriculum. For other provincial or international requirements please contact us directly. Unless they have completed a minimum of three years of study at a school where English is the language of instruction, international students whose first language is not English must submit proof of English language proficiency:
  • CAEL – minimum score of 60
  • IELTS – 6.0 with no individual score lower than 5.5
  • TOEFL (IBT) – 80, with no individual score lower than 18
  • MELAB – minimum score of 80
  • Duolinguo – minimum score of 55
  • Cambridge English – minimum score of 169
  • Pearson Test of English – minimum score of 50

Course Descriptions:

Anatomy & Physiology/Medical Terminology

The student will learn the different body systems, structure and function of the major organs, pathophysiology of common diseases and conditions within each system. This course will provide the foundation for subsequent courses in microanatomy, histology, transfusion science, hematology and clinical chemistry. The student will become familiar with clinical procedures, laboratory tests and abbreviations related to each system and other specialized areas of medicine.

Safety & Infection Control

The student will review and develop a working knowledge of safety and infection control protocols in the laboratory environment:
  • Standard precautions
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Utilization of safety devices
  • WHMIS
  • Spill containment and clean up procedures
  • Incident reporting
  • Occupational health and safety guidelines
  • Infection Control
  • Appropriate methods for disinfection and sterilization

Specimen & Information Management

Students will learn proper blood collection procedures for routine and specialized collections. They will also learn proper procedures in handling, transporting, processing and storing laboratory specimens. Laboratory information management and information systems are also components of this course.

Laboratory Mathematics

Students will learn the mathematics used in a medical laboratory environment including:
  • Mathematical essentials
  • Measurement systems and conversion procedures
  • Dilutions, solutions, and concentrations
  • Charts, tables, and graphs
  • Introductory statistics
  • Clinical chemistry analysis and correlation

Immunology

Students will learn the structure and role of the immune system in health and disease. Students will learn basic concepts in immunology such as immune response to pathogens, autoimmune diseases and immunodeficiency and how they are relevant to Medical Laboratory Science.

Hematology

Students will study blood cell lines in bone marrow, peripheral blood and other body fluids. Students will learn to differentiate normal and abnormal blood cells and study the concepts of coagulation and hemostasis. Students will learn to recognize abnormalities and link them to diseases such as: leukemia, anemia and thrombocytosis.

Chemistry

Students will learn to apply theories of chemical analysis performed on body fluids (blood, urine and other specimens). Biochemical analysis, interpretation and quality control procedures related to clinical chemistry testing will be studied. Examples of analyses include: blood glucose, cholesterol, protein levels, drug testing, and hormones.

Microbiology

Students will learn how to identify clinically significant microorganisms in specimens taken from the human body. Emphasis will be placed on isolating and identifying disease-causing bacteria and fungi. Students will also learn how to screen and confirm microorganism resistance and susceptibility to antibiotics.

Transfusion Science

Students will learn the major blood group systems and explain the significance of these in transfusion science. Pre-transfusion testing such as ABO/Rh typing, antibody screening, blood products and compatibility testing will be studied.

Histotechnology

Students will learn the principles and practices of preserving and preparing clinical specimens for histological and microscopic examination. Microanatomy of body tissues and identification of tissue components in various staining techniques will be studied.

Interprofessional Healthcare

Students will have the opportunity to work with other health science students to cultivate collaborative practices in providing patient-centred health care. Students will learn about other health science disciplines and be provided with opportunities to enhance teamwork and communication skills.

Quality Management /Result correlations

Students will learn about all aspects of quality management in laboratory practices. There will be an emphasis on quality control techniques, quality policies, planning and quality assurance. Students will also learn the importance of quality management processes in ensuring patient safety and accuracy of test results.

Analytical Principles

Students will learn about analytical principles used in the analysis of laboratory specimens in clinical laboratories. Students will learn about various analytical techniques including spectrophotometry, electrochemistry, chromatography, electrophoresis and immunoassays.

*Content is subject to change by administration as required to meet program and profession standards.