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Medical Laboratory Technology

You are:

  • A problem solver
  • Science-minded
  • Curious
  • An independent worker
  • Tech-savvy
  • Detail oriented & meticulous

What is a Medical Lab Technologist?

Medical Laboratory Technologist’s primary role is to perform laboratory analyses and interpret clinical results. Lab results are generated by conducting diagnostic tests on blood, body fluids and tissues providing important information used in detecting illness and monitoring patient health and wellbeing.

What is taught during the 25 month program?

Our Medical Laboratory Technology program provides in-depth theory and hands-on practical training in:

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Clinical Chemistry: detection and quantitation of blood and body fluid analyses such as hormones, proteins, electrolytes
  • Hematology: the study of blood cells and blood disorders
  • Transfusion medicine: transfusion of blood and blood components
  • Microbiology: identification of and susceptibility patterns of microorganisms and fungi
  • Histotechnology: laboratory processing of tissue for pathologist study at the cellular level
  • Report Compilation: communication skills, technical writing, laboratory mathematics
  • Blood & Specimen Collection: collection and analysis, processing techniques, quality management, analytical principles

What kind of real world experience can I expect?

Students receive direct hands-on experience in our modern Health Sciences Laboratory. You will complete clinical rotations through the intensive 25 month program after which you will also complete a 10-week Practicum in one of our partnered health care facilities.

What paths are open to me after I graduate?

Oulton College works hand-in-hand with leading hospitals and regional laboratories to ensure our graduates are highly skilled and prepared to enter the work force directly from their Practicum. The program is structured to meet the national competency profile for Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science. Successful students of this program are eligible to write the national certification exam.

Is this program accredited?

Oulton College in Moncton, NB has been accredited by Accreditation Canada for the Medical Laboratory Technology program (MLT), which began in February 2019. To have an accredited status means that the Medical Laboratory Technology Program at Oulton College has met rigorous national educational and industry standards. With the granting of this status, the public can be assured that the program is training students to practice safely and effectively as medical laboratory technologists throughout Canada. Successful completion of this accredited program will allow graduates to challenge the Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science national examination to become certified as medical laboratory technologists in Canada. Upon certification, medical laboratory technologists can apply through provincial regulatory bodies to become eligible for work.

Term: February to February (Note: This is a two-year program)

Practicum: 9 weeks during the two-year program in addition to clinical rotations throughout the program.

You Will Learn:

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Histotechnology
  • Quality Management
  • Analytical Principles
  • Safety & Infection Control
  • Specimen & Information Management

Admissions Requirements:


  • Grade 12 Diploma, Adult Diploma or GED
  • Grade 11 or 12 English* with minimum 65%
  • Grade 11 or 12 Sciences* with a minimum 65%:
    • Biology*
    • Chemistry*
  • Grade 11 or 12 Math* with a minimum 65%
  • Faculty Interview
  • Aptitude Test
  • Acceptance by the Admissions Committee
  • Completion of the Pre-Enrollment Package
  • Other credits from university considered assets
  • Geographical quotas may be considered

*Level II or University Preparatory courses are required based on New Brunswick Anglophone High School Curriculum. For other provincial or international requirements please contact us directly.

Unless they have completed a minimum of three years of study at a school where English is the language of instruction, international students whose first language is not English must submit proof of English language proficiency:

  • CAEL – minimum score of 60
  • IELTS – 6.0 with no individual score lower than 5.5
  • TOEFL (IBT) – 80, with no individual score lower than 18
  • MELAB – minimum score of 80
  • Duolinguo – minimum score of 55
  • Cambridge English – minimum score of 169
  • Pearson Test of English – minimum score of 50

Admissions Requirements – French School System


    • Diplôme grade 12, diplôme adulte ou GED
    • Rencontre avec un Admission Advisor
    • Anglais 311 ou 411 ou 421 avec un minimum de 65%
    • 2 sciences au choix : soit biologie (411 ou 421), physique (311 ou 411) ou chimie (311 ou 411) avec un minimum de 65%
    • Math 311B ou 321B avec un minimum de 65%
    • Test Pré-Admission
    • Entrevue de Faculté
    • Crédits de l’université considérés des atouts
    • Des quotas géographiques peuvent être considérés

Course Descriptions:

Anatomy & Physiology/Medical Terminology

The student will learn the different body systems, structure and function of the major organs, pathophysiology of common diseases and conditions within each system. This course will provide the foundation for subsequent courses in microanatomy, histology, transfusion science, hematology and clinical chemistry. The student will become familiar with clinical procedures, laboratory tests and abbreviations related to each system and other specialized areas of medicine.


Safety & Infection Control

The student will review and develop a working knowledge of safety and infection control protocols in the laboratory environment:

  • Standard precautions
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Utilization of safety devices
  • Spill containment and clean up procedures
  • Incident reporting
  • Occupational health and safety guidelines
  • Infection Control
  • Appropriate methods for disinfection and sterilization
  • Specimen & Information Management

Students will learn proper blood collection procedures for routine and specialized collections. They will also learn proper procedures in handling, transporting, processing and storing laboratory specimens. Laboratory information management and information systems are also components of this course.

Laboratory Mathematics

Students will learn the mathematics used in a medical laboratory environment including:

  • Mathematical essentials
  • Measurement systems and conversion procedures
  • Dilutions, solutions, and concentrations
  • Charts, tables, and graphs
  • Introductory statistics
  • Clinical chemistry analysis and correlation


Students will learn the structure and role of the immune system in health and disease. Students will learn basic concepts in immunology such as immune response to pathogens, autoimmune diseases and immunodeficiency and how they are relevant to Medical Laboratory Science.


Students will study blood cell lines in bone marrow, peripheral blood and other body fluids. Students will learn to differentiate normal and abnormal blood cells and study the concepts of coagulation and hemostasis. Students will learn to recognize abnormalities and link them to diseases such as: leukemia, anemia and thrombocytosis.


Students will learn to apply theories of chemical analysis performed on body fluids (blood, urine and other specimens). Biochemical analysis, interpretation and quality control procedures related to clinical chemistry testing will be studied. Examples of analyses include: blood glucose, cholesterol, protein levels, drug testing, and hormones.


Students will learn how to identify clinically significant microorganisms in specimens taken from the human body. Emphasis will be placed on isolating and identifying disease-causing bacteria and fungi. Students will also learn how to screen and confirm microorganism resistance and susceptibility to antibiotics.

Transfusion Science

Students will learn the major blood group systems and explain the significance of these in transfusion science. Pre-transfusion testing such as ABO/Rh typing, antibody screening, blood products and compatibility testing will be studied.


Students will learn the principles and practices of preserving and preparing clinical specimens for histological and microscopic examination. Microanatomy of body tissues and identification of tissue components in various staining techniques will be studied.

Interprofessional Healthcare

Students will have the opportunity to work with other health science students to cultivate collaborative practices in providing patient-centred health care. Students will learn about other health science disciplines and be provided with opportunities to enhance teamwork and communication skills.

Quality Management /Result correlations

Students will learn about all aspects of quality management in laboratory practices. There will be an emphasis on quality control techniques, quality policies, planning and quality assurance. Students will also learn the importance of quality management processes in ensuring patient safety and accuracy of test results.

Analytical Principles

Students will learn about analytical principles used in the analysis of laboratory specimens in clinical laboratories. Students will learn about various analytical techniques including spectrophotometry, electrochemistry, chromatography, electrophoresis and immunoassays.

*Content is subject to change by administration as required to meet program and profession standards.

*The following are high level course descriptions. More detailed information to come as curriculum is developed.

Career Choices:

Most Medical Laboratory Technologists work in hospitals and private clinics/labs.

Other types of employment:

    • Community Health Centres
    • Canadian Blood Services
    • Industrial laboratory/quality assurance
    • Pharmaceutical and biological sector
    • Research Laboratories
    • Laboratory equipment sales representative/technical support
    • Educational institutions